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Oil exploitation and transport in France

La France compte plusieurs types d’infrastructures pétrolières telles que des raffineries, des dépôts et des pipelines.

From oil wells to the consumer

Oil production and transportation is based on production, processing, separation, storage and shipping facilities, and includes: 

  • the platforms on which the pumps are located 
  • pumps that extract the liquid from the surbsurface 
  • underground collection networks (or pipelines) that connect each platform to a treatment and storage center: 
      1.  treatment facilities (oil/gas/water separation)
      2.  storage facilities (oil and water tanks)
  • Shipping lines (oil pipelines or pipelines) to transport oil, to: 
      1.  an oil battery that stores production before transferring oil to a refinery (by sea or land) 
      2.  the refinery. 

The oil extracted from the subsurface is crude oil, and is also composed of water and gas in different proportions depending on the field. It cannot be used by consumers without undergoing treatment, first at an oil battery  to separate the three elements. Oil can then be transported to refineries to be transformed into a consumable end product (cosmetics, fuel, clothing, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, etc.).

Source : Connaissance des énergies  Source : UFIP

 

Carte de France recensant les différentes infrastructures pétrolières.

Vue aérienne du dépôt pétrolier de Saint-Mery (Seine-et-Marne – Île-de-France).


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Phone +33 (0)5 58 82 95 00
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